Types of Technologies Utilized in Water Purification.
Over the past years, the technology used to purify water has advanced tremendously particularly in the field of home filtration systems. This article provides a guide on some of the methods used to purify water.
Distillation is very old water purification technology, but it is still commonly used. It was first developed, not as one of the methods of water purification, but to create alcohol. In archaeological excavations from South Asia countries, alcohol distillers have been found. The process is very simple and involves the following.
Liquid is brought to a boil and it vaporizes. This vapor enters a tube whereby it cools down to become liquid again. Anything else in the pot that has a higher boiling point than water remains in the first port.
This is one of the methods of water purification that leaves the minerals behind and causes an acid pH. According to researchers Acid PH levels as well as demineralization is not good for people’s health.Demineralization of water as well as acidic PH water is not good for one’s health.
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as a result, the other technological advancements in water purification have aimed at maintaining natural minerals in them as well as the recommended PH level.
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The second method of water purification is Reverse osmosis which has been in existence for over 50 years now. This method is however specifically designed for use in large scale treatment facilities. In the 1970s, it became popularized as one of the healthiest methods of water purification for the home.
This method mainly involved removing salt. Since most communities living in the islands and the coastal region drank salty water this technology greatly relieved them. The method works by forcing liquids to pass through a porous membrane. The size of the pores determines what is removed and what travels through.
The other method of purifying water is known as the RO. The system however, has several other disadvantages.
This method creates wastewater that cannot be used for any other purpose. The other disadvantage is that this method requires a lot of electrical energy.
There are various other advancements that are used to remove all the threats not eliminated by the other technologies. Before adopting a method, one should study all those presented above.
Lets take an example of carbon filtration that is used nowadays to purify water. The output of this process is safer to drink because all the chemicals and other contaminants stick on the filter. This method also removes odor and improves taste. all the new water purifiers found in the home utilize this technology.
This was a brief overview of water purification technology. Since it is impossible to cover everything in an article like this, My only hope is that you have been informed.