Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder which makes the blood glucose levels are above the standard level. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. As a result, the cells start starving for their food which is glucose. Glucose is obtained by the body from the food eaten. The liver and muscles also supply your body with glucose. The sugar is transported by the blood throughout the body. The high blood glucose level causes diabetes.
Diabetes can cause serious health problems like heart diseases, blindness, and kidney failure. It’s important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that treat their blood pressure and their own cholesterol levels. They will be able to run blood sugar levels tests.
The basic features are exactly the same although there are various sorts of diabetes. There is an underlying reason why the body isn’t able to utilize the levels of glucose for energy which leads to the levels of glucose in the body to build up over the normal level. The principal kinds of diabetes are 2, type 2 and type 1. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. At times the cells in the body ignore the insulin. This makes them not to utilize glucose the way they are supposed to. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring the insulin.
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There’s a sort of diabetes that women get called gestational diabetes when they are pregnant. If it is not treated it can cause problems for both the mother and baby and will disappear when the pregnancy is over. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include old age, obesity, and family history of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes, and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes the risk factors involve genetic and environmental factors.
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A person who thinks that he has diabetes should visit a physician for a diagnosis. The symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes and feeling exhausted most of the time. The skin can be dry and have sores that are slow to heal. For diabetes type 1 that the symptoms can include vomiting or sharp stomach aches.
There are various things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, physical activity, healthful eating, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The quantities of insulin have to be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood glucose levels closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes have been physical activity, eating, and blood sugar testing.